Anal Dysplasia and Cancer Treatment

Anal Dysplasia Treatment:

If you have been diagnosed with anal dysplasia, then you should talk to your doctor about treatment choices. Many treatments will often focus on destroying abnormal cells so that they don’t turn into cancer. These treatments can include:

  • Cryotherapy: Uses liquid nitrogen to freeze cells.
  • Surgery: A surgical blade is used to cut the cells out.
  • Laser Therapy: Intense lights are used to destroy cells.
  • Electrocautery: The cells are burned off using an electrical current.

Anal dysplasia is much more common for women who have HIV. This is very true for those who have advanced HIV and very low CD4 counts. This condition is very serious and hard to treat if a person has HIV. For a woman who has HIV, is going through HIV treatment and taking the medication can strengthen their immune system and help the condition to be less bad. If a person is already taking HIV medication, it is important that they are taken as written as it can help to boost the CD4 counts and help the body to defeat HPV which can cause anal cancer.

Anal Cancer Treatment:

It is better to treat anal cancer when it is first diagnosed and done early enough. This means that regular exams are very vital for your health. Treatment will often depend on the cancer type and if it has spread. Often times, multiple treatments are used at once. These treatments include:

  • Radiation: High energy rays are sent and used to kill off the cancer cells.
  • Chemotherapy: Medications like intravenous and/or pill medications are used to kill or shrink the cancer.
  • Surgery: the cancer tissues are removed during a sterile operation.
Mark Riegel, MD

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