The hepatitis B virus (HBV) attacks the liver. HBV is divided into two groups: acute and chronic. Acute patients are usually free from the disease within six months, while the chronic patients (generally those who developed HBV in infancy) generally have the disease for life.
There are a number of ways that HBV is transmitted, though all have to do with being in contact with the bodily fluids of an infected person:
Mother to child - Children born with HBV are the most likely to have a chronic condition, so prompt treatment is necessary.
Through contaminated needles - Generally occurs when IV drug users share needles or medical employees accidentally stick themselves with used needles.
Most people develop symptoms within the first three months after infection. The symptoms of HBV may include:
Getting tested is not only quick and easy, it is the only way to know for sure if you do or do not have an STD. Don't risk your health. Get tested today!Get tested for STDs today
Long term HBV infections can lead to:
Additionally, all sexual partners should be made aware of your condition so that they can be tested, and if free from HBV, vaccinated against it. Once an acute case of HBV resolves itself, the person cannot get HBV again. However, they can still contract other types of hepatitis.
Acute HBV is not associated with any recurrences and chronic HBV does not usually go away. However, recurrence of HBV has been known to occur in patients who have received liver transplants. These risks are usually minimal since therapies are in place to help prevent them.
If you know you have been in contact with HBV, contact your doctor immediately to receive a shot of hepatitis B immune globulin. This injection can possibly prevent you from developing HBV. Additionally, you should receive the first vaccination shot at that time.
Chronic HBV may be left to monitoring as opposed to treatment, though antiviral medications can be useful:
Severe liver damage, however, can only be treated through a liver transplant.
It is important that you abstain from sexual intercourse while you have HBV.
Chronic HBV will last a lifetime, and controlling progression of liver damage is the main concern. However, acute HBV generally resolves itself in less than six months.
No. Acute HBV will resolve itself within six months; chronic HBV is generally a life-long condition.
Viral. The Hepatitis B virus infects the liver.
Antiviral Medicine. A single dose of Azithromycin or seven daily doses of Doxycycline.
Upto 6 Months. An acute case of HBV is usually over within six months.
No. It is recommended that sexual intercourse is avoided until you are free from the disease.
No. Once you have had an acute HBV infection, you cannot get it again, though you can still contract other types of hepatitis.
Find out whether or not you have Hepatitis B and what STD test is recommended using our anonymous symptom checker. Get you personalized recommendations now!Hepatitis B Symptom Checker