Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID): Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

What is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)?

Pelvic inflammatory disease, PID, refers to inflammation and infection of the main female reproductive organs. It can affect the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries and other reproductive organs. PID is caused by bacteria and is most commonly a complication of gonorrhea or chlamydia. PID can cause infertility and is considered the most common preventable way of becoming infertile.


While PID itself is not contagious, the infections that cause it are passed during sexual contact, including:

  • Anal Sex
  • Oral Sex
  • Vaginal Sex

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Quick snapshot

Can it be cured?

Yes and No. Gonorrhea is easily treated with a course of antibiotics.

Type of Infection

Bacterial. Gonorrhea is caused by the Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacterium.

How is it treated?

Antibiotics. A single Cefixime, Ceftriaxone, or Cephalosporin.

Recovery Time

Upto 1 week. One to two weeks can be needed for symptoms to fully disappear.

Can I have sex?

No. Sexual activity should be avoided until treatment is successful.

Can I get re-infected?

Yes. Re-infection is possible from sexual activity with an infected person.