Vaginal Yeast Infection: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment & Complications

What is Vaginal Yeast Infection?

Vaginal yeast infections are caused by an overgrowth of the fungus, Candida albicans. Yeast infections are often recurrent, but are thankfully easy to treat.


It is unknown if sexual intercourse is a cause of yeast infections as there are inherent difficulties in studying it in that manner. However, there are things that seem to increase the likelihood of developing a yeast infection:

  • Antibiotic use - either oral or topical
  • Diabetes mellitus that is not adequately controlled
  • Douching
  • Feminine hygiene sprays containing perfumes
  • Pregnancy
  • Topical steroid use
  • Use of birth control pills
  • Weakened immune system
  • Wearing tight/non-breathable clothing or panties

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Quick snapshot

Can it be cured?

Yes. Vaginal yeast infections are easily treated.

Type of Infection

Fungal. Yeast infections are caused by an overgrowth of the fungus, Candida albicans.

How is it treated?

Antifungal Medication. Oral, topical and suppository treatments are available.

Recovery Time

Varies. Dependent entirely on the medication used.

Can I have sex?

Yes. Sexual activity can be resumed as soon as comfortable, however condom use is suggested until the infection is cured.

Can I get re-infected?

Yes. 40-45% of women will have more than one yeast infection in their lifetime.