The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) stated that every year, 19 million new sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are detected in the USA since 2010. Almost half of the infections are diagnosed among young people aged between 15 and 24. The US health care system is badly affected by the growing costs of STDs as it has been touching USD 15.9 billion annually.
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Which Method of STD Testing is Suitable for Me?
Every sexually active individual must protect their sexual health. Regular STD testing is the only way to care for your sexual health. However, sometimes it becomes confusing to select the right testing method as there are so many options available. For your convenience, we have gathered information about all available STD testing methods in Hawaii. Check them out to find out which option is suitable for you.
This is one of the most popular ways to get tested for STDs today. These tests combine the best of both worlds for convenience and accuracy. You will order the test online at home, but you can walk into a professional lab testing center to get tested.
Another option is to simply visit your regular clinic and talk to your doctor.
If you do not want to visit a testing center, then a great alternative is an at-home test kit. You don’t even need to leave your house to get tested for STDs this way, which makes it the most discreet option. Everything is done through email and snail mail.
One last option for STD testing is a trip to a free clinic. If you go to a public STD-testing clinic, then you may get a free or discounted test, depending on your financial situation.
Learn more in our ultimate guide to STD testing.
It can be, but it does not necessarily have to be. What many people need to understand is that laboratory tests would most often than not be relatively pricey due to the technology that is being utilized behind these diagnostic techniques. However, opting for specific laboratories that offer more convenient testing procedures and discounted prices for diagnostic tests would help ensure that the price will not be much of an issue in providing you with the conclusive diagnosis of your condition. It might take some independent scanning to find the right testing center for you in the most acceptable price range, but it is not as impossible as many people make it out to be.
Considering that a wide variety of testing kits and laboratory procedures can be performed to determine conclusively whether you have a particular STD or not, the time that it will take for your results to return will also be subject to the same inconsistency. Although there are specific laboratories that could produce your results even by the end of the day (albeit, it is extremely rare for institutions to do so unless necessary), most would often take a few days to a week before the results are either delivered or posted online through your secure personal profile (in the case of online transactions). In addition to that, the capability of the laboratory performing the test may also contribute to the overall timeframe of result delivery – causing delays in cases where there are several requests or understaffed to provide expedited results.
For more information, skip to the FAQs section on this page.
Hawaii STD Data
Hawaii has bucked national trends as far as the growth and prevalence of STDs and STIs are concerned. However, when we compare the state’s STD statistics from the past five or six years, it becomes apparent that most diseases have steadily grown in Hawaii. This indicates that many people are infected with STDs and are unaware of their condition. In this state, STDs like chlamydia, syphilis, and gonorrhea are currently at their highest rates compared to the past 30 years. Honolulu Star-Advertiser reported that Hawaii’s STD trends are in line with national and global STI rates.
Experts claim that online dating is the prime culprit behind the rapid increase in STD cases. As per the state health officials, in 2018, there were 7,732 chlamydia cases reported in Hawaii, with 544.3 cases/100,000 people. In 2008, this rate was 463 cases/100,000 people, and the overall number of chlamydia cases was 5,972.
Similarly, gonorrhea rates have doubled over the last ten years. In 2018, there were 1,496 cases diagnosed, with 105 cases per 100,000 people. In 2008, this rate was 611 for gonorrhea. Syphilis infections increased to 180 cases or 12.7/100,000 people in 2018, while a decade ago, this rate was 3 cases/100,000 people, and 38 cases were reported.
According to Gerald Hasty, the Hawaii State Department of Health Harm Reduction Services Branch’s program coordinator, all three STDs are either near or at their peak rates currently, compared to the rates recorded 30 years back. https://www.athomestdkit.com/s...
Digital dating, as per Hasty, is not the only contributor because several other factors play a role in their increase, such as new birth control methods and advancements in STD treatments.
An analysis of population-adjusted chlamydia infection statistics in Hawaii reveals that the state ranks at number 32, which isn’t too concerning. But the fact that this rate is twice as high as the rate in West Virginia that has the lowest rate of chlamydial infections. The current rate of infections in Hawaii is 479 cases/100,000, while in 2012, it was 455.5 and reached its peak in 2015 with 494 cases per 100,000.
Gonorrhea rates in Hawaii also keep fluctuating, but currently, the rates are low enough to keep the state at number 42 among the 50 US states. Hawaii is one of the 9 US states where the gonorrhea infection rate is less than 100/100,000 people.
Still, it is three times lower than gonorrhea rates in Mississippi, which as per the latest statistics, is the national leader in this context, but roughly three times higher than Vermont. Vermont has the lowest gonorrhea infection rates in the US. Between 2016 and 2017, Hawaii noticed a reduction in gonorrhea rates, but since 2012, there has been an over 60% increase in infection rates. In 2017 the gonorrhea infection rate was 95 cases/100,000 per people whereas, in 2012, this rate was 58.5 cases, and in 2016, it was 102 cases/100,000 people in Hawaii.
The rate of primary/secondary syphilis infection rate in Hawaii is high enough to keep the state in the top 25 US states, but it is still far behind Nevada, the national leader in this regard. Hawaii recorded over 6 cases/100,000 in 2017 but compared to 2012 when the state had reported 1.7 cases/100,000, this is alarming. The number of primary/secondary syphilis infections reached its peak in 2016 with 7.8 cases/100,000. This means, over 288% rise in primary/secondary syphilis infection is noticed in Hawaii between 2012 and 2017.
The city of Honolulu accounted for the highest number of cases in the state in all common STDs. Out of four, at least three cases were reported in Honolulu. At the same time, it accounted for nine out of ten cases of gonorrhea, and three-quarters of syphilis cases in Hawaii occurred in Honolulu.
As per the U.S. census data, 2018, the total estimated population of Hawaii is 1.4 million. The biggest ethnic groups of Hawaii are Asians (37.6%), followed by White Americans (25%). Hispanic or Latinos are makeup 10.7% of the population, and Black Americans are present in minorities (2.2%)
According to CDC’s HIV/AIDS Surveillance report, the total number of people living with HIV in Hawaii in the year 2018 was 2,436. The newly diagnosed cases in Hawaii are steadily declining as the cases declined from 115 in 2015 to 70 adults and adolescents in 2018. The rate of people living with HIV per 100,000 in Hawaii was 204. The rate of HIV new diagnosis per population of 100,000 individuals in 2018 was 6.
In 2018, the number of reported chlamydia cases among NHOPI (Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander) was 700.8 cases/100,000 population. The overall rate of chlamydia infections among NHOPI was 3.3 times higher than the rate among Whites and at least 5.3 times more among Asians.
The rate of gonorrhea cases among NHOPI was 181.4 cases/100,000. It was 2.6 times higher in Whites. The disparity was evident in NHOPI females, who reportedly had 2.6 times higher gonorrhea cases than White females. NHOPI males had 2.5 times higher rates of gonorrhea infections than White males. This disparity was higher in the Midwest region compared to the South, West, and Northeast.
The primary/secondary syphilis cases among NHOPI during 2018 were 2.7 times higher than the rate of Whites with 16 cases and 6 cases per 100,000 people, respectively. The disparity was higher in NHOPI males as they reported 2.8 times more cases than White males, and NHOPI females had 1.9 times more cases than White females.
Considering the data from HIV/AIDS Report, 2,436 people were living with HIV in 2018. The total number of diagnoses during the same year was 70. 88.4 % of the males and 11.6 % females made up the total HIV-positive population. White Americans were affected mainly by the virus. 46.2% of the people living with HIV were white Americans, followed by 12.3 % Hispanic and 5.3% Black Americans.
The same report indicates that 47.9 % of the HIV-positive population belonged to 55 and above. 25.2 % of the population of 45 to 54 years was living with the virus. 25.2% of people were aged 33 to 44 years, while 26% of the HIV positive individuals were between 13 to 34 years.
86.1 percent of the HIV-related deaths were male patients, while 13.9% of the HIV-related mortalities were females. 44.4 % of the HIV-related deaths were reported in the White population, 13.9% in individuals from Hispanic backgrounds, and 5.6 % deaths reported in the Black American Population.
The most popular transmission mode of HIV in males was gay or male-to-male sexual contact (83.4%). 4.2 % spread was due to the use of contaminated injections or drugs while heterosexual contact in makes accounted for 4.3% of the transmission. In females, most cases were reported due to heterosexual contact (69.9%), while 25.5% of the cases were reported due to injection or drug use.
Most federally qualified health centers in Hawaii are Title X sites, which receive federal grant funding for confidentially testing and treating STIs. However, these clinics have limited operational hours, and they quickly reach their full capacity. Another issue is that they cannot offer this service for free. In the state of Hawaii, the out-of-pocket costs for a screening or diagnostic test vary a lot, and it doesn’t also include treatment costs, which could be several hundred dollars. So, the point to be noted here is that the government of Hawaii has to work towards making STDs testing and treatment more accessible and affordable for people.
CDC offers funding to the state health department to reduce STDs rates through scientifically proven prevention and control measures. The focus is on providing scalable, high-impact, sustainable, and cost-effective services.
Honolulu Health Center offers a range of STDs testing and treatment services, including the three common STDs and other STIs such as bacterial vaginosis, genital warts, HIV, trichomoniasis, and herpes.
Planned Parenthood is also quite active in the state. it offers STIs testing/treatment at all of its branches across Hawaii. However, since 2020, it is not providing free testing services because the organization recently decided to opt-out of receiving federal funding.
There’s a specialized STI/HIV Clinic associated with the Department of Health’s Diamond Head Health Center. It also handles up to 5,000 patient visits annually. But the problem with Hawaii is that overall state approaches have been lackluster, and the outdated sex education curricula further aggravate it. Although students can get awareness about STIs, they will not understand how the infection could be spread and transmitted to their partners. The curriculum mostly focuses on the extreme representation of STDs and uses scare tactics to desensitize students. While an ideal sex-ed curriculum should cover pregnancy prevention and STI prevention simultaneously and offer a realistic representation of STIs.
The University of Hawaii, John A Burns School of medicine, in 2015, has taken the initiative to launch the Hawaii 2 Zero program. The primary focus of this initiative is to transform Hawaii into an HIV-free state. The program provides awareness sessions for the prevention of the virus. Continuous research in the school of medicine to cure the infection is also being carried out.
Hawaii, AIDS Drug Assistance Programs, ADAP is one of the federal government initiatives that ensure medication availability for low-income groups. ADAP also provides financial assistance and accessible treatment options to the residents of Hawaii.
Ryan White HIV/AIDS program by Health Resources and Service Administration, HRSA is a federal initiative operational for the last 30 years for HIV-related funding. The program provides funding to the state organizations to provide medication, HIV treatments, and other critical services such as ambulatory services, food banks, and mental health services.
Select a city below to see more local STD testing options
|Kawaihae, HI||Fern Forest, HI|
|Kealakekua, HI||Fern Acres, HI|
|Renton Village, HI||Kalihi, HI|
|Milo Village, HI||Honaunau-Napoopoo, HI|
|Honalo, HI||Wheeler AFB, HI|
|Woodlawn, HI||Waimanalo, HI|
|Kipukanene, HI||Puunoa, HI|
|Kukui, HI||Koali, HI|
|Laniakea, HI||Makaha Valley, HI|
|Kawaihau, HI||Kealapuali, HI|
|Komakawai, HI||Naalehu, HI|
|Heeia, HI||Kaupo, HI|
|Kiholo, HI||Niuli`i, HI|
|Varona Village, HI||Wailupe, HI|
|East Kapolei, HI||Mala`e, HI|
|Nahiku, HI||`Ulupalakua, HI|
|Manele, HI||Pu`unene, HI|
|Paukaa, HI||Waine`e, HI|
|Kalaeloa, HI||Punaluu, HI|
|Whitmore Village, HI||Kaniahiku Village, HI|
|Ocean Pointe, HI||Ninole, HI|
|Hilea, HI||Kapalaoa, HI|
|Maili, HI||Corn Mill Camp, HI|
|`Alewa Heights, HI||Keaukaha, HI|
|`Ainapo, HI||Kealia, HI|
Yes. Certain companies offer at-home testing kits wherein you are the one that will collect the specimens necessary for the test at the comfort of your own home. Sure, it might sometimes be subject to errors due to the potential contamination of the sample from collection to transportation, but it does offer a great deal of privacy and convenience for patients who would prefer to have their identities hidden in fear that their community will judge them.
Although NAATs are well-known for their accuracy and sensitivity in detecting most STDs, it is also subject to certain inconsistencies, especially in the case of herpes infections. In Herpes, outbreaks often result in a relative increase in the patient’s viral load – leading to a timeline that usually has specific peaks at certain intervals instead of a consistent rise in viral load throughout. As such, sensitive tests such as NAATs are still unable to accurately diagnose herpes conditions, especially in cases where the patient has recently become asymptomatic and is currently between outbreaks. Other tests such as culture testing and type-specific virologic tests are often employed instead as a confirmatory diagnosis for the patient’s condition.
Depending on the test being performed and the testing physician's targeted diseases, various types of samples can be requested from you. In some instances, a minuscule blood sample of a few milliliters will be collected, some might ask for a urine sample, and others may opt for a genital swab. Again, the sample being collected will depend on the test being conducted and the outcome that is being targeted for this particular procedure.
It does vary on a case-to-case basis. Insurance policies are often particular with the instances that they would be covering with their program. Some may cover severe accidents, some may even consider “orphan disease,” and yes, some may also cover the expenses for performing STD diagnostic tests. However, considering that your insurance provider will have to verify the person's identity availing of the program, STD testing laboratories that employ a minimal collection of patient information may not accept insurance policies to prioritize privacy over affordability.
Standard STD testing can detect common sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, herpes, and hepatitis B and C. Additional tests may be required for less common STDs or specific situations.
How Does it Work?
Most people experience feelings of hesitation when going to get tested for STD, despite knowing they might have contracted one. EasySTD was created to change that.
Visit your nearest lab or clinic, order your home testing kit online, and follow the given instructions from an STD testing provider.
After ordering your STD test, visit the testing center to get tested or take a self sample including urine, cotton swab, or finger prick with the home testing kit and mail it back.
Receive the lab-certified results of your STD test from your test provider via mail or phone within 2 to 3 days. If the test comes positive, consult your doctor immediately.