Health officials in Australia are urging all Australians to be tested for syphilis after the death of unborn baby was linked back to the sexually transmitted infection.
In 2017, there were about 1,340 syphilis cases in Victoria, which is a 41 percent increase from two years earlier and sets a record high.
syphilis is what a child is diagnosed with after the infection spread
from the mother to the baby. It can cause major birth defects as well
as fetal death, which was recorded last year.
Victoria state health official said it’s imperative to screen
at-risk groups, conduct antenatal screening and start infected
persons and their partners on treatments to prevent further syphilis
most of the cases are seen in men, with nearly three-quarters
reporting they had male sexual partners who had the infection.
According to officials, a person with syphilis is more likely to be
diagnosed with HIV.
suggests that the following demographics be tested
pregnant women who has a positive syphilis test should see a
specialist to start immediate treatment. Patients’ sexual partners
will also need to be tested to confirm their diagnosis and get
discovered early enough, a round of antibiotics can treat the
condition. The CDC said syphilis spreads through contact of a
syphilis sore during oral, anal or vaginal sex. Sexually active
people are urged to use condoms to protect themselves against
syphilis and other STDs.
to Australian health officials, the number of gonorrhea cases
increased as well – from 62 to 101 infections. In 2016, there were
23,800 new gonorrhea cases with three-quarters of those seen in men.
Experts cannot explain why the rise but believe changes in screening
and treatment practices, sexual behavior changes and various strains
are the reasons for it.
The rise in STIs are not just limited to Australia. There are also syphilis cases occurring in England well, with its highest rates since 1949. In the U.S., there were over two million new cases of chlamydia, syphilis and gonorrhea in 2016.
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The human papilloma virus (HPV) can cause cervical cancers and other cancers as well as sexually transmitted diseases. There are several types of HPV, including the type 16 is the strain that causes almost 50% of cervical cancer and four other strains can also cause cancer. Cervical cancer may occur after cells in the cervix undergo changes due to persistent HPV infection by a single strain of the virus.