What Are the Complications & Risks of Chlamydia?

Failure To Treatment Chlamydia

Without treatment, you could suffer from serious health complications (what kind of health complications you have will depend on the location of the infection).

  • Anal Infections – An infection in the anus could cause bleeding, discharge, rectal pain and rectal inflammation.
  • Eye Infections – An infection in the eyes could cause inflammation and conjunctivitis (or eyelid discharge).
  • Throat Infections – An infection in the throat, as a result of oral sex, could cause a sore throat.

Women who are diagnosed but not treated for chlamydia could experience an array of other symptoms including but not limited to:

  • Vaginal discharge
  • Bleeding between periods
  • Abdominal pain

Fertility could also be affected by an untreated chlamydia infection, as it could affect the fallopian tubes and/or uterus. It could also lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, which could lead to both antibiotic therapy and surgery.

It’s important, if you’re are sexually active, to be tested for the disease at least once a year – twice if you have more than one sexual partner in a given year. After you’ve been treated, be sure to be re-tested within three to four months to find out if the infection is gone.

Get tested for Chlamydia

Chlamydia is known as the "silent" STD because the vast majority of people experience no symptoms. It can be easily cured with antibiotics; get tested today if you think you may have been exposed.

Get tested for STDs

Partners and Re-infection

It is important to inform any sexual partners that you have Chlamydia so that they can also be tested and, if necessary, treated. Until the treatment is successful, sexual activity should be avoided so as to prevent infecting sexual partners. Re-infection is always a possibility with Chlamydia, so making sure that you and your partner are free from the disease is important.

Mark Riegel, MD

Quick snapshot

Can it be cured?

Yes. Chlamydia is easily treated with a course of antibiotics.

Type of Infection

Bacterial. Caused by the Chlamydia trachomatis bacterium.

How is treated?

Antibiotics. A single dose of Azithromycin or seven daily doses of Doxycycline.

Recovery Time

1 to 2 weeks. One to two weeks may be required for symptoms to fully disappear.

Can I have sex?

No. Sexual activity should be avoided until treatment is successful.

Can I get re-infected?

Yes. Re-infection is possible from sexual activity with an infected person.