Syphilis is one of the commonest sexually transmitted diseases caused by a bacteria called "Treponema pallidum". This infection spreads through sexual contact or from a direct person to person contact through the infected skin or mucous membranes. It usually starts with a small, painless sore that gradually grows. Depending on the severity, syphilis is divided into three different stages; primary, secondary and tertiary.
Syphilis can cause problems during pregnancy and increases the risk of getting HIV infection. Without treatment, its causative organism can enter the bloodstream and cause massive damage to the body. Its most dangerous complication is involvement of the nervous system where it can cause meningitis, stroke, hearing loss, dementia and visual problems. In 2017, a total 19,894 cases of primary and secondary syphilis were reported in the United States, means 5.5 cases per 100,000 population. Take the following quiz to find out if you could be suffering from a possible syphilis infection.