In 2019, North Dakota ranked 41st in the list of 50 US states according to the rate of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and ranked number 31st in 2020. That is an alarming situation because it shows a drastic increment in STD prevalence across the state. Chlamydia is the most commonly reported STD in North Dakota as it affected over 466 people per 100,000 population last year. The other common STDs include gonorrhea and primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis.
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Which Method of STD Testing is Suitable for Me?
Every sexually active individual must protect their sexual health. Regular STD testing is the only way to care for your sexual health. However, sometimes it becomes confusing to select the right testing method as there are so many options available. For your convenience, we have gathered information about all available STD testing methods in North Dakota. Check them out to find out which option is suitable for you.
This is one of the most popular ways to get tested for STDs today. These tests combine the best of both worlds for convenience and accuracy. You will order the test online at home, but you can walk into a professional lab testing center to get tested.
Another option is to simply visit your regular clinic and talk to your doctor.
If you do not want to visit a testing center, then a great alternative is an at-home test kit. You don’t even need to leave your house to get tested for STDs this way, which makes it the most discreet option. Everything is done through email and snail mail.
One last option for STD testing is a trip to a free clinic. If you go to a public STD-testing clinic, then you may get a free or discounted test, depending on your financial situation.
Learn more in our ultimate guide to STD testing.
It can be, but it does not necessarily have to be. What many people need to understand is that laboratory tests would most often than not be relatively pricey due to the technology that is being utilized behind these diagnostic techniques. However, opting for specific laboratories that offer more convenient testing procedures and discounted prices for diagnostic tests would help ensure that the price will not be much of an issue in providing you with the conclusive diagnosis of your condition. It might take some independent scanning to find the right testing center for you in the most acceptable price range, but it is not as impossible as many people make it out to be.
Considering that a wide variety of testing kits and laboratory procedures can be performed to determine conclusively whether you have a particular STD or not, the time that it will take for your results to return will also be subject to the same inconsistency. Although there are specific laboratories that could produce your results even by the end of the day (albeit, it is extremely rare for institutions to do so unless necessary), most would often take a few days to a week before the results are either delivered or posted online through your secure personal profile (in the case of online transactions). In addition to that, the capability of the laboratory performing the test may also contribute to the overall timeframe of result delivery – causing delays in cases where there are several requests or understaffed to provide expedited results.
For more information, skip to the FAQs section on this page.
North Dakota STD Data
North Dakota state health officials have released startling new figures showing that while incidences of some STDs dropped in the past 2 years, various other STDs showed an unprecedented increase, particularly in 2020. One of these STDs that have suddenly started showing an inclining trend is gonorrhea, as the number of gonorrheal infections recorded a 10% increase in 2019 and again in 2020.
According to the North Dakota Department of Health's STD surveillance report 2019-2020, a total of 1,508 cases of gonorrhea were diagnosed in the state. Reportedly, injection drug use, sex with anonymous partners, and unprotected sex were the top three risk factors contributing to the spread of gonorrhea in the state. Moreover, 39 counties of North Dakota reports at least one gonorrhea case, but Sioux, Benson, and Rolette counties reported the highest numbers of gonorrhea cases.
As far as syphilis is concerned, 97 cases were reported in North Dakota in 2019, and out of these, 55 were P&S syphilis cases, whereas the remaining were later stages of the disease. Although authorities noted an 18% reduction in the rates of syphilis cases in 2019, it nonetheless remains a chronic health issue, revealed Shari Renton, as cases were reported in 16 counties of North Dakota. Between 1 to 29 cases were reported in North Dakota counties in 2019. This situation is concerning because syphilis was not even an issue of concern only a decade ago, as its cases were rarely reported in the state. Furthermore, in 2020, North Dakota reported 3 cases of congenital syphilis as well, which is the first time such cases have been reported in the past ten years.
"We are seeing syphilis more in women than ever before. Before, we'd often see it with men who have sex with men and now it's really spilled into the female population as well," Renton said.
Regarding chlamydia cases, North Dakota's Benson, Sioux, and Rolette counties reported the highest number of cases. In fact, out of 53, 51 counties reported at least one chlamydia case in 2019. It is the most common reportable disease in North Dakota, and as per 2019 STD surveillance data, the state reported 3,964 chlamydia cases at the rate of 520 cases per 100,000 people.
North Dakota lies in the upper Midwest region of the United States and is the nineteenth largest state in terms of area and the fourth-least populated state. According to the census data 2019, the total population of North Dakota is 780,000. According to CDC, there were a total of 22 newly diagnosed cases of HIV/AIDS in North Dakota in 2015, making the State rank at 46th among the 50 U.S. States. The numbers of new diagnoses have shown a steady rise over the years.
On the other hand AIDSVu reported that the total number of newly diagnosed cases in 2018 in North Dakota was 36. The same report indicated that 447 people were living with HIV/AIDS in 2018 in the state.
A recent news report from Grand Forks Herald indicates that the total number of people living with the virus in North Dakota was 457. According to the new source, North Dakota has the 15th lowest rate of newly diagnosed HIV cases in the country. Looking at the data from the source in 2017, the rate of new diagnosis per 100,000 residents was 4.8.
The epidemiological profile of North Dakota HIV rates in the annual surveillance report 2019-2020 shows that during 2019 there were a total of 87 reported cases of HIV /AIDS in the state. Towards the end of 2019, a total of 479 people were living with HIV/AIDS in North Dakota.
Out of the 3,964 cases of chlamydia reported in North Dakota in 2019, over 62% (2,489) cases were diagnosed among females, making them the most affected population in the state, revealed the annual STD surveillance report.
However, it isn't too surprising because screening rates are higher among women in North Dakota as they undergo annual gynecological and prenatal visits more frequently. Reportedly, more than 40% of chlamydia cases in the past five years were reported in adults aged 20-24, followed by teens 15-19 years old. But, on average, older females are more susceptible to contracting chlamydia.
Out of the known chlamydia cases reported in 2019, 1,950 were whites. The next most affected group was American Indian/Alaskan Natives with 701 cases, followed by African-Americans with 527 cases. But considering their smaller population size, blacks reported the highest rate of cases with 2,035 per 100,000 people.
Gonorrhea is a bit more evenly spread in North Dakota compared to chlamydia. There were 1508 cases reported in 2019, out of which 51% (762) were reported among females, and 49.5% (746) were male. Teens and young adults were disproportionally impacted by gonorrhea as nearly half (48%) of cases were diagnosed among people aged 20-29, whereas in 2018, peopled aged 30-44 were the most impacted age group. In 2018 this group reported a 66% increase in gonorrhea cases, while in 2019, the 30-44 age group reported an 18% increase. Most cases were reported in older males than older females.
As far as races and ethnicities are concerned, most reported gonorrhea cases were diagnosed in American Indians/Alaskan Natives, with 1,301 cases per 100,000 people and 525 overall cases. Conversely, 224 cases of gonorrhea were reported in Black/African Americans at a rate of 865 cases/100,000 people, while the white community reported 93 cases/100,000 people with a total of 606 cases.
Syphilis cases saw a sharp increase in North Dakotan females in 2019 as out of the 97 cases reported overall, 65% or 63 cases were diagnosed among females. Eight females were diagnosed with syphilis during pregnancy and received appropriate treatment, due to which congenital transmission could be prevented. The mean age of syphilis cases was 33. American Indian/Alaskan Natives reportedly had the highest incidence of syphilis cases with a 4.6% increase in infection rates from 2018 as this group reported 26.4% of all syphilis infections in 2018 and 21.8% in 2019. On the other hand, Black/African Americans were the second most impacted group with 57.9 infections/100,000 people.
According to the Epidemiological profile of North Dakota, the prevalence of HIV is more in male residents of the state in comparison to females. Out of the 479 individuals living with HIV in North Dakota in 2019, 331 were males, and 148 were females. The average age of HIV-positive individuals was 44 years. Out of the total 53 counties of the state, at least one person is HIV positive in at least 35 counties.
The surveillance report further revealed that Black/African American North Dakotans were 13 times more likely to be living with HIV than their white counterparts. However, HIV prevalence considering the newly diagnosed cases was found more in white Americans than black Americans considering the newly diagnosed cases.
HIV cases have been reported more in males having sexual contact with other males. Of the total newly diagnosed cases of HIV in North Dakota, 14 were gay males, 11 heterosexual males, and two reported contractions of the virus using contaminated needles. In females, the most popular transmission modes of the virus were through heterosexual contact with an individual already affected with HIV.
The North Dakota Department of Health (NDDoH) Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Program and Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) Program are two of the most significant initiatives from the state to address the growing number of STDs cases statewide. The NDDoH STD and STI programs receive funding from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The purpose behind launching these initiatives is to encourage an overall improvement in assessment efforts and countering the STD epidemic.
The programs are required to monitor the incidence and prevalence of STDs in the state, mainly for chlamydia, syphilis, and gonorrhea. The program operators must utilize surveillance data to characterize STD risks appropriately and identify disproportionately impacted populations. Furthermore, STD infection risks are assessed to devise effective STD prevention strategies and programs, including linkage to care initiatives and partner notification.
The essential activities aim to reduce the number of cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis; improve the integration of STD services into clinical care across the health care system; increase access to STD services for those populations most at-risk; and reduce the threats of antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea, other emerging STDs and congenital syphilis. These activities aim to reduce the number of chlamydia, syphilis, and gonorrhea cases, improve STD/STI diagnostic and treatment services integration into clinical care across the state's healthcare system, and promote increased access to STI/STD services for at-risk populations and reduce threats of antibiotic-resistant STDs.
North Dakota Department of Health has a specialized HIV/AIDS program that receives funding from CDC to record the newly diagnosed cases. The program also works to reduce the spread of the virus by decreasing risky behaviors that include unprotected sexual contact, sharing syringes, tattooing, and body piercing. A part of the program provides financial and treatment assistance to uninsured, underinsured, or people from low-income families.
Greater than AIDS is yet another organization working in North Dakota to provide a minimum set of healthcare benefits to low-income individuals with HIV/AIDS. These services include medical treatment, hospital care, counseling, and support services. The program also provides certain preventive services that include HIV testing and PrEP.
Ryan White Part B and AIDS Drugs Assistance programs are two federal programs that, along with all the other states, also work in North Dakota to facilitate the HIV-positive residents of the state in getting their treatment and other financial and housing support services. Ryan White Part B provides funding to various state agencies for further proving their services.
Select a city below to see more local STD testing options
|Abercrombie, ND||Sims, ND|
|Zeeland, ND||Cathay, ND|
|Jamestown, ND||Alfred, ND|
|Foxholm, ND||Langdon, ND|
|Wildrose, ND||Lakota, ND|
|Guyson, ND||Minot AFB, ND|
|Williston, ND||Oberon, ND|
|Truax, ND||Dawson, ND|
|Mose, ND||Norma, ND|
|Essex, ND||Oswald, ND|
|Tolna, ND||Warwick, ND|
|McLeod, ND||Lehigh, ND|
|Dahlen, ND||Hastings, ND|
|LaMoure, ND||Velva, ND|
|West Fargo, ND||Taylor, ND|
|Vang, ND||McCanna, ND|
|Lallie, ND||Grand Harbor, ND|
|Chaffee, ND||Ayr, ND|
|Straubville, ND||Kelso, ND|
|Reynolds, ND||Appam, ND|
|Barton, ND||Hample, ND|
|Lankin, ND||Fairfield, ND|
|Stiles, ND||Brittin, ND|
|Caledonia, ND||Page, ND|
|Marmarth, ND||Voss, ND|
It would vary depending on the condition that is being tested. STDs behave differently due to the varying pathogenicity of each STD’s causative organism. In some instances, you can get accurately tested as early as two weeks following exposure, while some are intermittently inaccurate due to its recurrence (much like in the case of herpes infections). To avoid this, be sure to discuss the intricacies of the test with your physician to understand whether a particular test could provide you with a conclusive diagnosis or if it still needs another confirmatory test to establish its premise.
Similar to how other testing procedures behave, false-positive results are still evident even in STD testing. False-positive and even false-negative results are standard instances that showcase the imperfection of the test’s design – a factor that is present everywhere. However, despite certain inconsistencies in laboratory tests as such, physicians commonly use confirmatory tests that would often take another path entirely to arrive at the same conclusion – solidifying the initial test’s diagnosis while still ensuring that the second test is not following the inconsistencies of the first.
A nucleic acid amplification test is a laboratory procedure that professionals often perform to make detecting a particular nucleic acid or gene being targeted easier and more convenient while still ensuring that the sample being collected is relatively minimal. Nucleic acid amplification tests, or NAATs, are usually the mainstay diagnostic test for most STDs due to their ability to detect the presence of pathogenic nucleic acids and genes in the patient sample with utmost accuracy and speed. NAATs depends on their ability to replicate the target RNA and DNA to create numerous copies – resulting in an increased convenience in the detection of the desired molecules instead of trying to either blindly look for one strand in a minuscule sample or collecting a large sample that could make the patient uncomfortable throughout the process. Although NAATs are often preferred for a more conclusive diagnosis of STDs, certain exceptions such as the availability of resources and instances of intermittent viral shedding could make NAATs less desirable than other tests. Fret not, however, as your physician is knowledgeable regarding these instances and would often request the best diagnostic procedure for your instances.
Yes. Certain companies offer at-home testing kits wherein you are the one that will collect the specimens necessary for the test at the comfort of your own home. Sure, it might sometimes be subject to errors due to the potential contamination of the sample from collection to transportation, but it does offer a great deal of privacy and convenience for patients who would prefer to have their identities hidden in fear that their community will judge them.
Although NAATs are well-known for their accuracy and sensitivity in detecting most STDs, it is also subject to certain inconsistencies, especially in the case of herpes infections. In Herpes, outbreaks often result in a relative increase in the patient’s viral load – leading to a timeline that usually has specific peaks at certain intervals instead of a consistent rise in viral load throughout. As such, sensitive tests such as NAATs are still unable to accurately diagnose herpes conditions, especially in cases where the patient has recently become asymptomatic and is currently between outbreaks. Other tests such as culture testing and type-specific virologic tests are often employed instead as a confirmatory diagnosis for the patient’s condition.
How Does it Work?
Most people experience feelings of hesitation when going to get tested for STD, despite knowing they might have contracted one. EasySTD was created to change that.
Visit your nearest lab or clinic, order your home testing kit online, and follow the given instructions from an STD testing provider.
After ordering your STD test, visit the testing center to get tested or take a self sample including urine, cotton swab, or finger prick with the home testing kit and mail it back.
Receive the lab-certified results of your STD test from your test provider via mail or phone within 2 to 3 days. If the test comes positive, consult your doctor immediately.