Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis are on the rise in the US state of South Dakota. In fact, the STD rates have reached near historic numbers in the state, and prevention efforts by the South Dakota Department of Health haven’t been able to reverse this trend of rising STD rates statewide.
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Which Method of STD Testing is Suitable for Me?
Every sexually active individual must protect their sexual health. Regular STD testing is the only way to care for your sexual health. However, sometimes it becomes confusing to select the right testing method as there are so many options available. For your convenience, we have gathered information about all available STD testing methods in South Dakota. Check them out to find out which option is suitable for you.
This is one of the most popular ways to get tested for STDs today. These tests combine the best of both worlds for convenience and accuracy. You will order the test online at home, but you can walk into a professional lab testing center to get tested.
Another option is to simply visit your regular clinic and talk to your doctor.
If you do not want to visit a testing center, then a great alternative is an at-home test kit. You don’t even need to leave your house to get tested for STDs this way, which makes it the most discreet option. Everything is done through email and snail mail.
One last option for STD testing is a trip to a free clinic. If you go to a public STD-testing clinic, then you may get a free or discounted test, depending on your financial situation.
Learn more in our ultimate guide to STD testing.
It can be, but it does not necessarily have to be. What many people need to understand is that laboratory tests would most often than not be relatively pricey due to the technology that is being utilized behind these diagnostic techniques. However, opting for specific laboratories that offer more convenient testing procedures and discounted prices for diagnostic tests would help ensure that the price will not be much of an issue in providing you with the conclusive diagnosis of your condition. It might take some independent scanning to find the right testing center for you in the most acceptable price range, but it is not as impossible as many people make it out to be.
Considering that a wide variety of testing kits and laboratory procedures can be performed to determine conclusively whether you have a particular STD or not, the time that it will take for your results to return will also be subject to the same inconsistency. Although there are specific laboratories that could produce your results even by the end of the day (albeit, it is extremely rare for institutions to do so unless necessary), most would often take a few days to a week before the results are either delivered or posted online through your secure personal profile (in the case of online transactions). In addition to that, the capability of the laboratory performing the test may also contribute to the overall timeframe of result delivery – causing delays in cases where there are several requests or understaffed to provide expedited results.
For more information, skip to the FAQs section on this page.
South Dakota STD Data
South Dakota infection rates are rapidly rising. Despite state and local efforts, STD cases sharply rose in the first three months of 2018. However, the state has been recording high rates of STDs for the past ten years. According to the state’s 2015-2016 STD surveillance report, the number of gonorrhea cases rose from 1,055 in 2015 to 1,269 in 2016, chlamydia cases increased from 3,877 in 2015 to 4,331 in 2016, while syphilis recorded a drop from 48 cases in 2015 to 40 cases in 2016.
Chlamydia is currently the most frequently reported infectious disease in South Dakota, but this is also not a novel discovery as chlamydia’s historical trend has been upward in this state. During 2012-2016 all 66 counties of South Dakota reported chlamydia cases. The number of chlamydia cases ranged from 1,313 in 1995 to 4,331 in 2016, marking a whopping 230% rise over a 22-year period.
Since 1974, South Dakota has observed a rise in gonorrhea cases, with 2,254 cases reported that year. During the 1990s, there was a sharp decline in gonorrhea rates, with fewer than 200 cases reported annually throughout the decade. In 2006, South Dakota had the country’s 39th highest gonorrhea rate, with 47.3 cases diagnosed per 100,000 people. However, by 2015, this number increased significantly, and the state was ranked 19th. By 2016, the state’s gonorrhea prevalence rate almost tripled to 147.1 cases diagnosed per 100,000 people, the highest in 35 years.
South Dakota has observed a resurgence in syphilis cases, which reached a peak in 2014 with 76 early syphilis cases and three congenital syphilis cases reported in a year. Between 2012 and 2016, the state’s overall syphilis case count was five congenital, over 130 primary, 85 secondary, 51 early-latent, and 72 late-latent syphilis cases. In 2011, the state reported the lowest primary/secondary syphilis rate in the US, with zero cases reported. However, South Dakota’s syphilis count showed a dramatic increase in 2014, with the state touching 14th highest rate with 6.3 cases identified per 100,000 people.
In November 2021, there were 511 cases of syphilis reported in South Dakota, which is over ten times higher compared to statistics from the past three years and 1,011% higher than the average year-to-date five-year average of 46. Chlamydia and gonorrhea cases are rising as well, but not as much as syphilis.
The state health profile, formulated by the Centers For Diseases and Control, CDC in 2015 indicates that the total number of newly diagnosed cases of HIV in South Dakota was 23. The numbers are a lot less than the numbers from the other states; therefore, South Dakota has been ranked as 45th among the 50 U.S states based on the numbers of HIV.
South Dakota HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, 2017 has shown that newly diagnosed cases have faced an upward trend. The total number of newly diagnosed cases in South Dakota in 2017 was 47, almost double the number in 2015. According to the same data, 594 people were living with HIV in the state by 2017, the majority of which were Black Americans.
According to another report by AIDSVu, in 2019, 652 people were living with HIV in the state. The number of new diagnoses during the same year was 33, which is reduced compared to two years ago. The virus disproportionately affects certain racial and ethnic groups such as Black Americans and Gay or Bisexual males, and transgender females.
In South Dakota, STDs are widely prevalent across all age spectrums. Between 2012 and 2016, as per the state’s health department’s STD surveillance report, four chlamydia cases were diagnosed in children aged ten or below. More cases were identified in people aged between 60 and 70 years than before, perhaps because this age group has reported a sharp increase in the use of medications for sexual activity.
Regarding gonorrhea, the peak age was 22 years between 2012-2016, and females accounted for almost 61% of all cases in the state. The median age of infected females was 24 years, and the median male age was 26 years. On the other hand, females reportedly accounted for over 70% of all chlamydia cases in South Dakota during this period. The peak age for chlamydial infection was 19 years for females, with the median age being 21 years. The media male case age was 23 years for chlamydia.
It is worth noting that South Dakota reported the 45th lowest male-to-female chlamydia incidence rate in the country between 2012 and 2016. However, American Indians accounted for 40.5% of all chlamydia cases in the state, followed by over 39% for whites and 4.8% for blacks.
In fact, the state’s American Indian chlamydia rate of 2,130 cases/100,000 people was the second-highest in the USA. Between 2012 and 2015, American Indians accounted for 62% of all gonorrhea cases, 24.6% of cases were diagnosed in whites, and 9.9% in blacks. In 2015, South Dakota’s American Indian gonorrhea prevalence rate was highest in the USA with 827 cases/100,000 people compared to the national American Indian gonorrhea cases rate of 179 cases/100,000 population.
Unlike chlamydia and gonorrhea, males in South Dakota accounted for the majority (67.1%) of primary/secondary syphilis cases during 2012-2015. The peak infection age for syphilis was 22 years. the media male age was identified as 33 years and medial female age was 28 years. At least 49% of cases were identified in American Indians, over 41% in whites, and 5.7% in Blacks.
According to a report by AIDSVu, the total number of people living with HIV in South Dakota in 2019 was 652. The rate of people living with HIV per 100,000 population in 2019 was 90. Of the total people living with HIV in the state, 70.9 % were male residents of South Dakota, while 29.1 % were female individuals.
Considering the data from the same report, the total number of newly diagnosed cases of HIV in the state in 2019 was 33. The rate of new diagnosis per 100,000 populations was 5. Of the total number of people living with HIV in the state, 49.2% were White Americans, 22.7% were Black or African Americans, and 9.0% belonged to Hispanic or Latin backgrounds.
The report from AIDSVu also shows that 34.4 % of the HIV positive people were 55 years of age or above. 26.2% of the total people living with HIV were between the ages of 45 to 54 years, 25.0% were 35 to 44 years, and 12 % and 2.5% belonged to the age groups of 25 to 3 years and 13 to 24 years, respectively.
The same report also indicates that the total number of HIV related mortalities in South Dakota in 2019 was 9, while the rate of HIV related death per 100,000 population in the state was calculated to be 1. Of the total mortalities, 77.8% were males, while 22.2% were females.
Considering the modes of transmission of the virus, the most popular mode of transmission of HIV in male residents of South Dakota was male to male or gay sexual contact accounting for 58.4% of the total spread. 16.5% of the males contracted the disease from heterosexual contact, while 10.4% of the individuals reported transmission of the virus through contaminated injection or syringe use. In females, most individuals contracted the virus through heterosexual contact, 76.8%, while 20 % of the females acquired the virus through injection or contaminated syringe use mostly for drugs.
The South Dakota Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Control Program is designed to prevent and reduce the incidence of STDs, including chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, and HIV. Through this program, statewide consultation and technical support are provided along with advanced screening and surveillance services.
Moreover, the program provides partner services, health care provider education, partner notification service for reportable STDs, and case management facilities. STD intervention, control, and prevention are ensured through a cooperative effort involving private physicians, local/state health department personnel, other health care providers, and community members at large. The Disease Intervention Specialist or DIS is a crucial player in this regard.
The South Dakota HIV/AIDS Prevention Program is initiated with the primary goal and ambition of achieving the National HIV/AIDS Strategy, which entails curbing the rise of all common STDs. This program aims to reduce the number of people infected with STIs, increase access to care, improve health outcomes for people living with HIV or other STDs, and reduce prevailing health-related disparities.
The South Dakota Ryan White Part B CARE Program offers support to DIS and partner services of the South Dakota Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Control Program. An annual federal grant funds it with the sole purpose of assisting STD infected, low-income individuals so that they could fulfil their health care needs.
South Dakota offers free STD testing facilities at designated STD clinics throughout the state. Every county has twelve public clinics and three private clinics. Free testing for herpes, gonorrhea, chlamydia, HIV, syphilis, and hepatitis is offered at these clinics. Same day testing facility is offered with results delivered within 48 hours.
South Dakota Department of Health has a prevention planning initiative that involves several organizations and members of the community to design a state prevention plan for HIV. The prevention plan involves taking on board members of all communities, rural and urban residents, women at risk, people living with HIV, African Americans, Native Americans, injection drug users, people with disabilities, substance abusers, and youth to define a comprehensive course of action.
Heartland Health Resource Centers Services provides HIV/AIDS-related services to people living with the disease. The organization provides individual and family therapy services to HIV positive clients, HIV testing and diagnostic services, and financial assistance programs to uninsured or underinsured individuals. Other services such a case management and transportation to and from the doctor's clinics.
The City of Sioux Falls origination is working using the federal guidelines to support people living with HIV in the state, both medically and non-medically. The organization uses funds from the Ryan White Part B program to help HIV positive individuals in the state.
The program helps individuals with HIV/AIDS find services they need, such as medical care, health insurance assistance, Financial assistance medications, food/nutritional assistance, housing, health services, transportation, and other types of services.
Select a city below to see more local STD testing options
|Vivian, SD||Kimball, SD|
|Cottonwood, SD||Riverside Colony, SD|
|Rapid City, SD||Nemo, SD|
|Colonial Pine Hills, SD||Ajax, SD|
|Bowdle, SD||Gettysburg, SD|
|Spokane, SD||Akaska, SD|
|Canning, SD||Big Springs, SD|
|Dante, SD||Freeman, SD|
|Dennis, SD||Badger, SD|
|Greenwood, SD||Lodgepole, SD|
|Ladner, SD||Millerdale Colony, SD|
|Winfred, SD||Karinen, SD|
|Schaeferville, SD||Montrose, SD|
|Summit, SD||Burkmere, SD|
|Danforth, SD||Shady Beach, SD|
|Central City, SD||Emery, SD|
|Bryant, SD||Marion, SD|
|Ipswich, SD||Benclare, SD|
|Faulkton, SD||Watauga, SD|
|Arlington, SD||Valleyview, SD|
Standard STD testing can detect common sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, herpes, and hepatitis B and C. Additional tests may be required for less common STDs or specific situations.
Depending on the test being performed and the testing physician's targeted diseases, various types of samples can be requested from you. In some instances, a minuscule blood sample of a few milliliters will be collected, some might ask for a urine sample, and others may opt for a genital swab. Again, the sample being collected will depend on the test being conducted and the outcome that is being targeted for this particular procedure.
Yes. Certain companies offer at-home testing kits wherein you are the one that will collect the specimens necessary for the test at the comfort of your own home. Sure, it might sometimes be subject to errors due to the potential contamination of the sample from collection to transportation, but it does offer a great deal of privacy and convenience for patients who would prefer to have their identities hidden in fear that their community will judge them.
Similar to what was previously mentioned, herpes infections are known for their recurring tendencies – causing outbreaks now and then and thus causing an intermittent spike in the patient’s viral load for specific instances. In addition to that, other STDs also take time to proliferate and produce a sufficient viral load that could warrant a positive and, more importantly, accurate diagnosis and detection from the tests being administered. As such, detecting an STD a few days following exposure is often complex and unpredictable – leading physicians to follow a certain timeframe instead for testing STDs instead of blindly testing immediately following exposure. Physical exams, however, may supplement inaccurate laboratory diagnoses, especially in cases where the test is prone to false results.
Similar to how other testing procedures behave, false-positive results are still evident even in STD testing. False-positive and even false-negative results are standard instances that showcase the imperfection of the test’s design – a factor that is present everywhere. However, despite certain inconsistencies in laboratory tests as such, physicians commonly use confirmatory tests that would often take another path entirely to arrive at the same conclusion – solidifying the initial test’s diagnosis while still ensuring that the second test is not following the inconsistencies of the first.
How Does it Work?
Most people experience feelings of hesitation when going to get tested for STD, despite knowing they might have contracted one. EasySTD was created to change that.
Visit your nearest lab or clinic, order your home testing kit online, and follow the given instructions from an STD testing provider.
After ordering your STD test, visit the testing center to get tested or take a self sample including urine, cotton swab, or finger prick with the home testing kit and mail it back.
Receive the lab-certified results of your STD test from your test provider via mail or phone within 2 to 3 days. If the test comes positive, consult your doctor immediately.