A U.S. government study found that mailing home HIV tests to high-risk men, free of charge, is a better method in diagnosing infections than the typical standard of care.
experiment involved mailing half of the 2,600 men, who were recruited
from music and social media websites, four free testing kits with the
potential to order more. Many of these men did and shared the test.
The other half received a link to local testing services sites.
were 25 infections found in the group that self-tested themselves
compared to just 11 in the other group. 34 infections were seen in
friends of the group that shared their tests.
than 70 percent of those who learned they were positive went for
other studies looked at the benefits of home STD/HIV testing, this is
the latest to address an Internet-based effort using the mail-order
to lead author and CDC researcher Robin MacGowan, self-testing is
extremely important for some people and in certain situations. It
saves them on time, gives them privacy and expands to more people who
can’t or won’t seek testing services, she said.
CDC paid, came up with the study and carried it out.
are more than one million Americans who have HIV, which is the virus
that will lead to AIDS. Over two-thirds of the new cases are in men
who have sexual relations with other men. And, one in six men is not
aware they have the infection.
2015, the CDC launched the study, three years of the approval of the
OraQuick saliva test, which is the first over-the-counter HIV test
for home use. The study involved using the saliva test along with a
finger stick blood test that were sent to a lab.
prices for the OraQuick saliva test range from $35 to $50 a kit.
were not advised how often they needed to test, but the average is
five tests a year in the home-test group compared to just two in the
other group. The majority of self-testers reported they tested at
least three times.
were given $90 for their efforts, but only if they reported their
test results and did various surveys.
states have begun offering free-self testing HIV kits – New York,
began its program in 2018, with over 2,800 kits being mailed or
handed out at pharmacies with the use of vouchers.
to the nonprofit foundation that operates the program, it’s too
soon to know if the program’s effect has impacted HIV rates.
However, the program has noted there were six people who tested
positive and are receiving care. The program survey asks which
method of testing people prefer – at home or in-person.
According to a journal editorial, the U.S. rate of HIV diagnosis has been stable since 2013 (there has been no decrease in the numbers). However, with self-testing as well as HIV prevention drugs for at-risk individuals, the chances of eradicating the disease could quicken.
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A sexually transmitted disease – HIV, gonorrhea, chlamydia, genital herpes and syphilis, to name a few – can happen to anyone young or old. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control, there are roughly 20 million new STD cases each year – with a fraction of those being reported.
Women who suffer from PID (pelvic inflammatory disease) are at a greater risk of also contracting HIV and syphilis. However, only a handful of adolescent females who are told they have PID in the country’s emergency departments get lab testing for syphilis and HIV.